It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty till 1638, when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Current City and Hometown. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri.The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. Photo. 478-79. Filter by post type. It was completed in 1545. It was in Gandhi Maidan in this area, that Mahatma Gandhi held his prayer meetings. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Sher Shah Suri in höchster Qualität. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. The empire was founded by Sher Shah Suri, an ethnic Afghan of the tribal house of Sur, who supplanted the Mughal dynasty as rulers of North India during the reign of the relatively ineffectual second Mughal Humayun.Sher Shah defeated badshah-i-Hind ('Hindustani emperor') Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (26 June 1539) and again in the Battle of Bilgram (17 May 1540). Thereafter, it changed hands between the Marathas and their foes many times. It was the custom of the Afghans during the time of sultans Bahlul and Sikandar, and as long as the dominions of the Afghans lasted, that if any Afghan received a sum of money or a dress of honour, "that sum of money or dress of honour was regularly apportioned to him, and he received it every year". To connect with Sher Shah, sign up for Facebook today. SUR DYNASTY or SUR Interregnum (1540-1555) Sher Shah’s Administration. Text. Link. Mai 1545) war ein Herrscher paschtunischer Herkunft im Norden Indiens, dessen Regierung die Mogulzeit unterbrach. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Biografie. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. The test came at Raisen in 1543 AD. Shershah Suri. Seine kurzlebige Dynastie wird nach ihrem Ursprungsort Sur im heutigen Bundesstaat Bihar Suriden genannt. Today, the sand mafia is destroying … Sign Up. IV, pp. Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. It is impossible to build, in a span of seven years, a route that covered around 2,400 kilometers connecting Chittagong to Kabul touching Lahore, Amritsar, Allahabad, Delhi, Howrah. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. The Rajputs fought with desperate bravery and after killing their women and children and burning them, they rushed to battle and were annihilated to a man.”, Zubdat-ul-Tawarikh quoted in Goel, Sita Ram (2001). Biografie. Unfollow. Sher Shah Suri (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. Sher Shah Suri, founder of Sur Empire. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Sein Vater Nizam Khan war der jüngere Bruder von Sher Shah Suri, er selbst damit ein Neffe des Dynastiegründers.Mubariz Khan/Muhammad Adil Shah Suri hatte drei Schwestern, von denen eine mit … 403-04. https://en.wikiquote.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=2823597, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Agra Fort is a historical fort in the city of Agra in India. It is sited in the south-west corner of Purab Darwaza near Dhawalpura.. History. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Sher Shah Sur (AD 1538-1545) Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi in Eliot and Dowson, History of India as told by its own Historians, Vol. Hij regeerde een groot deel van het noorden van India. Sher Shah Suri Mosque, also known as Shershahi Mosque, is an example of the Afghan style of architecture. He earned the title “Sher Khan” when he killed a fully grown tiger with his bare hands in a jungle in Bihar, India. Quotes . His father was Hassan Khan; His family came to India from Afghanistan. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. “…The nobles and chiefs said, ‘It seems expedient that the victorious standards should move towards the Dekhin’…Sher Shah replied: ‘What you have said is most right and proper, but it has come into my mind that since the time of Sultan Ibrahim, the infidel zamindars have rendered the country of Islam full of unbelievers, and having thrown down masjids and buildings of the believers, placed idol-shrines in them, and they are in possession of the country of Delhi and Malwa. Sher Shah Suri took steps to issue a large number of new silver coins which, subsequently, became known as dam. Follow. Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. Sher Shah Suri < > Most recent. vol. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Ihre Herrschaft wurde durch die Restauration des Mogulreiches beendet.. Herrscher der Suri-Dynastie. He was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri. Sarkars were administered by two high officials. 1545–1554); Firuz Shah Suri (reg. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. E.D. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Sher Shah Suri sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. He reached Kalinjar in five days, and by the assistance of ‘Isa Hajjab and other grandees, was raised to the throne near the fort of Kalinjar, on the 15th of the month RabI’u-1 awwal, 952 A.H. (25th May, 1545 CE). Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. It was virtually intact when Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officials discovered it in 2016. After their catastrophic defeat at Third Battle of Panipat by Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1761, Marathas remained out of the region for the next decade. Several men learned in the law (of Islam) gave it as their opinion that they should all be slain, notwithstanding the solemn engagement which had been entered into. I am the son of Hasan Khan. mukhis125 . The sarkars were divided into Parganas. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of TughlaqabadRealising the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. He introduced the currency of rupee. Jalal Khan war der zweite Sohn Sher Khan Suris. Sher Shah Suri built this mosque in 1540–1545 to commemorate his reign. Sher Shah Suri (Sasaram, 1486-1545). But he did not betray Islam when he became the supreme ruler. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573It was only during the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its current state. Quoted in S.R.Goel, The Calcutta Quran Petition, Sher Shah Sur’s name is associated in our textbooks with the Grand Trunk Road from Peshawar to Dacca, with caravanserais, and several other schemes of public welfare. All posts. Shershah’s original name was Farid. ", Abbas Sarwani, Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi, trs. He was the son of Hasan, an Afghan jagirdar at Sasaram, in Bihar. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled cityAfter the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the Babur stayed in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. Quote. Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri aka “Sher Khan” (The Lion King). or. The cause of this tedious mode of capturing the fort was this. Sher Shah Suri divided his Kingdom into four 47 divisions called Sarkars. The Sur Empire was an empire established by a Muslim dynasty of Afghan origin who ruled a large territory in northern part of the Indian subcontinent for nearly 16 years, between 1540 and 1556, with Sasaram, in modern-day Bihar, serving as its capital. He entered the service of Baharkhan Lohani of Behar from whom received the title of Sherkhan, for killing a lion single handed. He fixed a rate between the copper and silver coins. Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from Barauli area Dhaulpur district, in Rajasthan. The fort remained with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun recaptured it. His historian, Abul Fazl, recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’. He was born in Hissar Firosa. His original name was Farid. Sher Shah Suri of Sher Khan (Pasjtoe: فريد خان شیر شاہ سوری, farīd khān šīr šāh sūrī; Bihar, ±1486 - Kalinjar, 22 mei 1545) was van 1540 tot 1545 sultan van Delhi. Sein eigentlicher Name war Jalal Khan. Next, he abolished all old and mixed metal currency coins. And to his own tribe and family of Sur, who dwelt in the land of Roh, he sent an annual stipend of money, in proportion to the members of his family and retainers; and during the period of his dominion no Afghan, whether in Hind or Roh was in want, but all became men of substance. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. About Sher Shah. Die Dynastie wurde von dem Eroberer oder Usurpator Sher Shah Suri nach seiner Niederwerfung des Mogul-Herrschers Humayun in der Schlacht von Chausa (1539) gegründet. Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri aka “Sher Khan” (The Lion King). Jahrhunderts über weite Teile Nordindiens herrschenden Suriden-Dynastie. Chapter 7, "Sher Shah gave to many of his kindred who came from Roh money and property far exceeding their expectations." After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. During this period he renovated and expanded the Grand Trunk Road. Erst bei seiner Nachfolge auf den Thron der Suri-Dynastie im November 1554 nahm er den Namen Muhammad ʿAdil Shāh Sūrī an. Sher Khan with Musulman indignation resolved to conquer the fort. After a temporary eclipse, in 16th century, Sher Shah Suri returned the city to its former glory and established the present Patna. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. As Eraly informs us: "With peace and security came prosperity. The inner core with sandstone on external surfaces AD 1540–1545 ) Sher Shah, son Hasan. 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